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The legal grounds for acquisition of real estates and rights in rem by foreign natural and legal persons in our country are articles 35 and 36 of the Land Registry Law No 2644. The citizens of the countries, which are determined by the President under the authorization granted in the Land Registry Law, may acquire real estates and limited rights in rem in our country subject to the legal limitations.

At present, citizens of total 183 countries may acquire real estates from our country.

Companies, which are established according to the laws of our country and whose shareholders include foreign natural persons, foreign enterprises or trading companies, qualify as “company with foreign capital” and may acquire real estates and limited rights in rem suitable for their operations. Among them, acquisition of real estates and limited rights in rem by those, in which foreign natural persons, enterprises or companies own 50% and more of the shares or with respect to which the foregoing foreign persons are authorized to appoint the managers even if they own less than 50% of the shares, shall be subject to authorization by governorships.

For example: A company that is established in Germany under the legislation of such country, which, however, has shareholders who are citizens of Germany, France or Turkey, qualifies as a foreign company; and may only acquire limited rights in rem in our country within the scope of tourism, industrial or oil operations only; a trading company, whose shareholders representing 50% and more of the shareholding are not Turkish citizens, yet which is established and registered into Turkish Trade Registry according to the applicable legislation of our country, on the other hand, qualifies as a “Company with Foreign Capital” and may acquire real estate ownership under the provisions of the legislation in force.

Foreign natural persons, who would like to acquire real estates in our country:

  • should be citizens of the countries determined as eligible for acquisition of real estates and limited rights in rem in our country by the President and should meet the criteria for acquisition.
  • Natural persons of foreign origin may acquire any real estate in areas where private property is allowed (residence, workplace, land, field etc.), provided that legal limitations are observed.
  • If natural persons of foreign origin acquire unbuilt real estates (real estates with no built structures thereon, such as land and field), then a project is to be developed depending on the nature of the real estate and such project is to be submitted to the relevant Ministry for approval within two years. If the Ministry is not applied or the project is not completed within two years, then such real estate shall be subject to provisions on disposal.

If the real estate to be purchased by natural persons of foreign origin:

  • is agricultural land, then opinion shall be sought from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, and
  • is a real estate in a protected site, then opinion shall be sought from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism or Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning,

to the effect that the real estate is fit for acquisition.

Incorporated trading companies established in foreign countries according to the laws of such countries may acquire real estates and limited rights in rem only if there are special provisions to such effect in the applicable laws.

Laws containing special provisions in the legislation are: Turkish Oil Law, Tourism Incentive Law and Industrial Zones Law.

It is impossible for any legal persons except the trading companies established in foreign countries according to the laws of such countries (incorporated or unincorporated foundations, associations, cooperatives, societies, groups, communities etc.), on the other hand, to acquire real estates and to have rights in rem created to their favor in our country.

Incorporated companies established in Turkey may acquire real estates and limited rights in rem in order to operate as set forth in their articles of association. In order for a company to be accepted to have a status of a company with foreign capital, natural persons of foreign origin (except for Turkish citizens and the persons falling within the scope of article 28 of the Turkish Citizenship Law No 5901), legal persons established under the laws of foreign countries or international organizations should own 50% or more of the shares or should be authorized to appoint or dismiss majority of the persons authorized to manage.

Provided that the provisions of the Military Forbidden Zones and Security Zones Law No 2565 will be reserved, acquisition of real estates by such companies will be subject to inquiry by governorships to determine whether they remain within military forbidden zones, military security zones and the zones defined within the framework of article 28 of the same Law (in areas to be determined upon suggestion of the General Staff due to proximity to military to forbidden zones or other strategic reasons). Such inquiry by the governorship takes place directly before the relevant and registry directorate and the land registry directorate responds within not later three business days.

In case of acquisition of real estates within special security zones, on the other hand, authorization is required from the governorship of the place, where the real estate is located.

Companies with foreign capital need to submit their “certificates of authorization” showing the authorized representatives as well as manner of representation and binding in their applications to acquire real estates. Certificate of authorization must clearly contain the authorization to acquire real estates and the personal particulars of the people authorized to act for the company and it must be dated in the same year with the procedure.

  • The letter of authorization pertaining to companies with foreign capital must include the phrase “Company with Foreign Capital within the Scope of Article 36 of the Land Registry Law No 2644”, and an application must be filed before the Urban Planning and Coordination Directorate of the Governorship with the necessary documentation under the Regulations Regarding Acquisition of Real Estate Ownership and Limited Rights in Rem by the Companies and Enterprises within the Scope of Article 36 of the Land Registry Law No 2644.
  • The letter of authorization pertaining to other companies, on the other hand, must include the phrase “Company with Foreign Capital excluded from the Scope of Article 36 of the Land Registry Law No 2644”. The companies with such phrase in the letter of authorization in question, on the other hand, are treated like companies with national capital under article 36, and any requests in this respect are consummated directly by the land registry directorates within the framework of general principles.

Companies with foreign capital excluded from the scope of article 36 may acquire real estates and limited rights in rem within the framework of the provisions governing companies with national capital and use and exercise the same.

Real estates and limited rights in rem acquired to the contrary of the provision of such article shall be disposed within the period granted by the Ministry of Treasury and Finance. Otherwise, the real estate or the limited right in rem shall be received and an appropriate amount shall be assessed for the same and shall be paid to the right holder.

Texts of articles 35 and 36 of the Land Registry Law No 2644 governing acquisition of real estates by foreigners in our country are given hereinbelow:

Natural persons of foreign origin, who are citizens of the countries as determined by the President, may acquire real estates and limited rights in rem, in cases where it is necessary for the country’s benefits and in accordance with the international bilateral relations, provided that the legal limitations are complied with. Total area of real estates and independent and continuous limited rights in rem acquired by natural persons of foreign origin may not exceed ten percent of surface area, where private ownership is allowed, in the relevant district; and it may not exceed thirty hectares throughout the country per person. The President is authorized to increase the quantity acquirable throughout the country per person up to twofold.

Incorporated trading companies established in foreign countries according to the laws of such countries may acquire real estates and limited rights in rem only within the framework of special legal provisions. Any companies other than such trading companies may not acquire real estates and may not have limited rights in rem created to their favor. Limitations in this article shall not apply for charges to be created over real estates to the favor of such trading companies and natural persons of foreign origin.

In cases, where the interests of the country requires so, the President may determine, limit, suspend in part or in full or prohibit the acquisition of real estates and limited rights in rem by the natural persons of foreign origin and the incorporated companies established in foreign countries under the laws of their own countries on a country, person, geographical region, period, number, proportion, type, quality, area and quantity basis. Natural persons of foreign origin and the incorporated companies established in foreign countries under the laws of their own countries are to submit the project that they are to develop in relation with the unbuilt land they bought to the relevant Ministry for approval within two years. After the project is approved by the relevant Ministry, by setting a starting date and a deadline, it is sent to the land registry directorate, with which the real estate is registered, in order to be entered into the statements section of the land register. The relevant Ministry monitors whether the approved project was realized within the specified time or not.

Maps and coordinate values of military forbidden zones, military security zones and strategic zones are delivered to the Ministry, under which the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre operates, within not later than one year following the date, when this Law enters into force, and the maps and coordinate values pertaining to any decisions for change therein are delivered to the said Ministry within not later than one month following the date, when changes are made, by the Ministry of National Defense; while the maps and coordinate values of special security zones and decisions regarding changes are delivered to the Ministry, under which the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre operates, within the same period by the Ministry of the Interior. One year after the date, when this Law enters into force, land registry transactions will take place according to the documentation and information sent under this paragraph.

In cases, where real estates and limited rights in rem are acquired to the contrary of the provisions of this article, where they are found to be used in violation of the purpose of acquisition by the relevant Ministry and administrations, where an application is not filed before the relevant Ministry in due time for them or where their projects are not completed in due time, and where they are acquired through inheritance in a manner to exceed the limits set forth in paragraph one of this article, if they are not disposed of by their owners within the period to be granted by the Ministry of Finance, which shall not exceed one year, then they shall be received and an appropriate amount shall be assessed for the same and such amount shall be paid to the right holder.”

 

Incorporated companies established in Turkey, in which the natural persons of foreign origin – except for the persons falling within the scope of article 28 of the Turkish Citizenship Law dated 29/5/2009 and numbered 5901-, legal persons established under the laws of foreign countries or international organizations own fifty percent or more of the shares or are authorized to appoint or dismiss majority of the persons authorized to manage, may acquire real estates or limited rights in rem and use and exercise the same in order to operate as set forth in their articles of association. The same principles shall apply in cases, where the companies mentioned in paragraph one are direct or indirect shareholders of another company established in Turkey, where the final shareholding rate of the foreign investor in the relevant company is fifty percent or more, where the foreign investors directly or indirectly acquire fifty percent or more of the shares in companies with national capital owning real estates, and where the shareholding rate of the foreign investors reaches fifty percent and above as a result of transfer of shares in existing companies with foreign capital owning real estates.

Companies with foreign capital excluded from the scope of the foregoing paragraphs may acquire ownership of real estates and limited rights in rem and use and exercise the same within the framework of the provisions governing the companies with national capital. The provisions of this article shall not apply for creation of charge on immovable property, acquisition of ownership within the scope of foreclosing, transfer of real estate ownership and limited rights in rem arising out of company mergers and demergers, acquisition of ownership of real estates and limited rights in rem in special investment zones, such as organized industrial zones, industrial zones, technology development zones and free zones, and for the real estates acquired by the banks due to the transactions considered as loaning within the framework of the Banking Law dated 19/10/2005 and numbered 5411 or for the purpose of collecting of their receivables, provided that the obligation to dispose of within a certain period of time remains in force under the applicable legislation.

Use of the real estates acquired within the scope of this article is monitored by the governorships through the land registry records by certain intervals. If the estates and limited rights in rem, which are found to have been acquired or to be used to the contrary of the provisions of this article, are not disposed of by their owners within the period to be granted by the Ministry of Finance, then they shall be received and an appropriate amount shall be assessed for the same and such amount shall be paid to the right holder. Principles and procedures pertaining to the application of this article shall be governed by regulations to be issued by the Ministry of Economy after receiving opinions from the relevant institutions and organizations.

Only citizens of the countries determined by the Presidential Decree may acquire real estates and limited rights in rem in our country. However;

  • Total area of real estates that may be acquired by a natural person of foreign origin throughout the country is maximum thirty hectares.
  • Total area of the real estates that may be acquired by natural persons of foreign origin may not exceed ten percent of the area, where private property is allowed, in a district.

Real estates located in military forbidden and security zones are designated in the registry records, and land registry directorates provide due information.

Real estates located in military forbidden and security zones are entered into the land registry in 81 cities.

  • If the real estate intended for acquisition is included in a “Special Security Zone”, authorization is required from the governorship of the place, where the real estate is located.
  • Natural persons of foreign origin and the incorporated companies established in foreign countries under the laws of their own countries are develop a project in relation with the unbuilt land they bought within two years and such project to be developed is to be submitted to the relevant Ministry for approval.
  • Incorporated trading companies, which are established according to the laws of their own countries, may acquire real estates and limited rights in rem only in case there are special provisions in the applicable laws. Any legal persons other than such trading companies may not acquire real estates and may not have limited rights in rem created to their favor.

Real estates that are acquired in violation of the provisions of the applicable laws, that are found to be in use to the contrary of the purpose of acquisition by the relevant ministry and administrations, and real estates, for which the relevant ministry is not applied within due time or for which the projects are not implemented within due time, are subject to provisions regarding disposal. (For detailed information, circular no 2013/15, www.tkgm.gov.tr)

The rights of the inheritors are preserved on the real estates acquired by the foreigners in our country. However, in case of real estates acquired through inheritance that exceed the limitations set forth in article 35 of the Land Registry Law, the Ministry of Treasury and Finance grants a period of one year to the owner of the real estate. If the owner fails to dispose of the real estate within the period granted, then the said Ministry receives the real estate and an appropriate amount shall be assessed for the same and such amount shall be paid to the right holder.

The owner of the real estate or authorized representative of the owner may visit the Land Registry Directorate with the necessary documents and may file an application. (Applications are usually filed before the noon break, by taking a ticket number at the Land Registry Directorate.)

Moreover, foreigners, who are also citizens of Turkey, may make an appointment through the center Alo 181 or online using e-appointment (https://randevu.tkgm.gov.tr/) and WEBTAPU (webtapu.tkgm.gov.tr) services.

Efforts continue to enable the foreigners benefit from the WEBTAPU service, and foreigners will also be able to make use of this service when each foreigner is assigned a Foreigner ID No.

An application filed before the Land Registry Directorates is processed according to the “Circular Regarding Workflow and Delegation of Authority at the Land Registry Offices and the Annexed Guide” numbered 2014/1 in terms of flow of procedures and other matters. 

(https://mevzuat.tkgm.gov.tr/BelgeGoruntule.aspx)

 

  • In our country, land registry procedures take place at the land registry directorates only, and the application may be filed both personally and also through representatives, who are authorized by a power of attorney issued before a notary public. Procedures performed at the land registry directorates are received through information and application units at the directorates and such units provide the necessary information.
  • Unauthorized people, who promise to accelerate the procedures before the land registry directorates, must not be given credit. 
  • From the application to the end of the transaction, the person or authorized representative of the transaction shall be notified by SMS via the telephone number declared.

The identity document or passport of the foreign country issued by the competent authorities of the country of citizenship will be relied upon to identify the natural persons of foreign origin and must be presented to the officer during application.

Expired passports or identification documents may not be used for land registry procedures.

For citizens of the Palestine State only: in order for any identity document or passport other than an identity document and passport issued by their own countries, i.e. an identity document or passport issued by other countries (certificate of a refugee, travel etc.), to be used for land registry transactions, it must be presented along with a Certificate of Residence Permit issued by the General Directorate of Migration Management.

A valuation report showing the market rate of the real estate needs to be submitted for all the transactions of sale involving foreign natural persons both as a purchaser and as a seller. Such report must be prepared by the valuation firm in accordance with international valuation standards and must be approved. (For detailed information about the matter, you refer to the circular numbered 2019/1.)

Valuation report is required both to protect the foreign investor so that the foreigners, who purchase real estates in Turkey, know the actual value of the real estates that they purchase, and to create a value map for real estates at the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre.

For land registry and cadaster procedures of the incorporated companies established in foreign countries according to the laws of their own countries, on the other hand, a certificate of authorization issued by the competent authorities of their country to prove that the company is duly established and active and is also competent to perform land registry procedures must be presented. For this document, original containing apostille according to the Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents and certified translation are sought; in case of no apostille, the documents are to be certified by the Consulate of the Republic of Turkey in such country.

Compulsory earthquake insurance policy issued by the insurance companies against any possible damages after an earthquake must be presented.

Procedures for transfer by inheritance for foreign natural persons are performed based on the certificates of inheritance issued by the courts of the Republic of Turkey or issued by the competent authorities of their countries of origin and certified by the Turkish Courts.

Necessary DocumentsComment
Identity document or passportIdentity document or passport issued by the foreigner’s country of origin (along with translation when necessary)
Photo1 passport size photo of the seller, and 2 of the purchaser will be sought.
Document regarding representation if the procedure involves representationPower of attorney, court order regarding guardian, letter of authorization etc. (If the transaction will take place based on a power of attorney issued abroad, original or certified copy of the power of attorney is to be submitted as accompanied by the translation)
Title deed for the real estate soldRequired if it exists
Valuation report for the real estateTo be received from the firms authorized for valuation as licensed by the CMB (Capital Market Board) as published on the official website of CMB
Compulsory earthquake insurance policyNecessary for buildings such as residences, workplaces etc.
Sworn interpreterNecessary if there is any party that does not speak Turkish (Must be authorized by the regional judicial commission)
Land Registry FeeLand registry fee of 20 over one thousand (15 over one thousand until 31.12.2019) shall be collected separately for the seller and the purchaser based on the value declared for the sale, provided that it shall not be less than the real estate value declared by the relevant municipality. (In case of exemption from fees, a letter issued by the Tax Office to evidence the same must be presented)
Circulating CapitalCirculating Capital charges are collected (Varies depending on the local coefficient applicable for the locality, where the real estate is located)
Necessary DocumentsComment
Letter of AuthorizationReceived from the system at the land registry directorate
Signature circular of the company’s official
Original power of attorney issued specifically if the person to attend the sale on behalf of the company is a representative
Letter of approval for special zonesReceived from the governorship of the place, where the real estate is located
Land Registry FeeLand registry fee of 20 over one thousand (15 over one thousand until 31.12.2019) shall be collected separately for the seller and the purchaser based on the value declared for the sale, provided that it shall not be less than the real estate value declared by the relevant municipality. (In case of exemption from fees, a letter issued by the Tax Office to evidence the same must be presented)
Circulating CapitalVaries depending on the local coefficient applicable for the locality, where the real estate is located
Necessary DocumentsComment
Identity document or passportIdentity document or passport of the parties and their representatives, if any, will be submitted.
Photo1 passport size photo will be sought.
Document regarding representation if the procedure involves representationPower of attorney, court order regarding guardian, letter of authorization etc. (If the transaction will take place based on a power of attorney issued abroad, original or certified copy of the power of attorney is to be submitted as accompanied by the translation)
Title deed for the real estate subject to transactionRequired if it exists
Land Registry FeeCollected from the mortgagor by 4,55 over one thousand of the mortgage (loan) amount
Stamp DutyCollected from the mortgagor by 9,48 over one thousand of the mortgage amount
Circulating Capital(Varies depending on the local coefficient applicable for the locality, where the real estate is located)
COMMENT (Exemption from fees)Mortgages of real estates mortgaged as security for the loans made available by the banks, Loan and Surety Cooperatives of Traders and Artisans, and loan organization abroad as well as international organization, and mortgages created for the purposes of agricultural loans, loans for traders, and financial leasing are also exempt from land registry fees and stamp duties. The beneficiary of the mortgage must absolutely be the organization authorized to extend loans for mortgages in foreign currency

With the exception of power of attorney issued at Consulates of the Republic of Turkey, any power of attorney issued in foreign countries must meet the following requirements:

  • It must be issued in the official language of the country of issue in a manner to contain the photo of the person concerned,
  • It must contain “Apostille” under Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents (Hague Convention) or it must be certified by the Consulate of the Republic of Turkey in the country, where the notary certifying the power of attorney is located,
  • It must contain authorization for the requested transaction, 
  • It must be presented to the land registry directorate along with notarized Turkish translation.

In addition to the foregoing requirements for power of attorney issued in foreign countries, the photo on the power of attorney must be certified by the issuing official by seal or embossed stamp or signature or stamp, depending on the position of the official issuing the power of attorney.

The requirements sought for the power of attorney containing apostille:

  • Apostille may be affixed directly on the document itself or on another paper to be attached thereto. If the apostille is on another document, then it must be attached to the certified document, and the seal of the certifying authority must be affixed on the physical attachment point.
  • Apostille may be in the official language of the authority issuing it or may be in another language.
  • However, the title of the apostille must absolutely be in French, reading «Apostille Convention de La Haye Du 5 Octobre 1961».
  • A duly filled in apostille certifies authenticity of the signature, title of the person signing the document and, when necessary, certifies that the seal or stamp on the document is authentic. Signature, seal or stamp on the apostille shall be exempt from any verification.
  • In addition, attention must be paid to the fact that the document and the relevant apostille must be issued by different authorities. And indeed, as the apostille certifies the signature and seal of the authority issuing the document, it is not possible for the apostille to be certified by the signature and seal on the document, to which it pertains.
Necessary DocumentsComment
Identity document or passportIdentity documents or passports of the parties and their representatives, if any, will be submitted.
Photo1 passport size photo will be sought.
Document regarding representation if the procedure involves representationPower of attorney, court order regarding guardian, letter of authorization etc. (If the transaction will take place based on a power of attorney issued abroad, original or certified copy of the power of attorney is to be submitted as accompanied by the translation)
Document proving inheritanceProcedures for transfer by inheritance for foreign natural persons are performed based on the certificates of inheritance issued by the courts of the Republic of Turkey or issued by the competent authorities of their countries of origin and certified by the Turkish Courts.
Title deed for the real estate subject to the transactionRequired if it exists
Land Registry FeeNo land registry fee is charged.
Circulating Capital(Varies depending on the local coefficient applicable for the locality, where the real estate is located)
Other TaxesInheritance and transfer taxes and also foundation waiver settlement if any, will be charged for the real estate.

With the amendment made to the Regulations Regarding the Implementation of Turkish Citizenship Law, foreigners now may acquire Turkish citizenship through the exceptional means of purchasing real estate worth at least USD 250.000 or equivalent thereof in foreign currency or in Turkish Lira starting from the date 18.09.2018, provided that the land registry entries are annotated to the effect that the real estate will not be sold for 3 years. (For the real estate(s) purchased between the dates 12.01.2017 and 18.09.2018, the real estate must be worth at least USD 1.000.000 and above.)

Starting from 07.12.2018, it is also possible to acquire Turkish citizenship if the agreement, which is issued before the notary public in a manner to include promise of sale for a real estate with condominium or construction servitude created thereon worth at least USD 250.000 or equivalent thereof in foreign currency or in Turkish Lira deposited in cash along with the undertaking of no transfer and cancellation for 3 years, is annotated into land registry.

It is not possible to apply for citizenship with real estate(s) purchased before the date 12.01.2017 and the real estate(s) covered by an agreement for the promise of sale before the date 07.12.2018.

In case of purchase of real estate(s) worth USD 250.000 and an undertaking of not selling the same for 3 years, or in case of agreement, which is issued before the notary public in a manner to include promise of sale for a real estate along with the undertaking of no transfer and cancellation for 3 years, then a “Certificate of Eligibility” will be issued by the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre as a document to be relied upon for citizenship request.

Upon receiving the certificate of eligibility, foreigners first file an application for residence permit before the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management and then an application for citizenship before the Provincial Directorate of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs.

Necessary DocumentsComment
Identity document or passportIdentity document or passport indicating the foreign country of origin (along with translation when necessary) must be submitted.
Photo1 passport size photo of the seller 2 of the purchaser will be sought
Document regarding representation if the procedure involves representationPower of attorney, court order regarding guardian, letter of authorization etc. (If the transaction will take place based on a power of attorney issued abroad, original or certified copy of the power of attorney is to be submitted as accompanied by the translation)
Foreigner ID NoIn case Foreigner ID No does not exist, Land Registry Directorate will ensure allocation thereof during application.
Title deed for the real estate soldRequired if it exists.
Valuation report for the real estateTo be received from the firms authorized for valuation as licensed by the CMB (Capital Market Board) as published. on the official website of CMB.
Bank-certified receipts evidencing money transferMay be presented before or after the sale.
Compulsory earthquake insurance policyNecessary for buildings such as residences, workplaces etc.
Sworn interpreterNecessary if there is any party that does not speak Turkish (Must be authorized by the regional judicial commission).

Any requests for real estate by the people, who are Turkish citizens by birth but who lost Turkish citizenship after denouncing it by permission, and their children, who were subject to the same procedure with them, will be concluded in exactly the same way that they would be concluded for the Turkish citizens, without the limiting provisions applied for the foreigners.

Competent authorities to issue blue cards are the representation offices abroad and civil registration directorates inside the country.

Stateless people may acquire real estates in our country subject to the general legal limitations. They are treated like a citizen of any country eligible to acquire real estates in our country and there is no special limitation. However, during the application, they need to present their stateless person identity document issued by the governorships in order to be able to perform procedures with land registry directorates.

Although land registry procedures are to be conducted by the land registry directorate of the place, where the real estate is located, this requirement is now eliminated with the “Land Registry Procedures outside the Jurisdiction”, allowing procedures to be conducted before any land registry directorate.

Although currently both the purchaser and the seller must be at the same land registry directorate/representation office abroad in order to be able to conduct procedures outside the jurisdiction, that will no longer be necessary starting from 01.01.2020, and it will be possible for the purchaser and the seller to consummate their procedure if they are at different directorates/ representation offices as well.

For example, a foreigner in Berlin may conduct the sale transaction for a real estate in Istanbul at Berlin Land Registry Representation Office, without actually having to go to Istanbul.

Please find attached the list of procedures that can be conducted outside the jurisdiction.

It is possible for the Turkish citizens living abroad and the foreigners, who own or who would like to invest in real estates in our country, to conduct their land registry and cadastre procedures in their own country, without needing to actually go to the place, where the real estate is located.

For example, when a person of foreign origin living in Germany wants to purchase a real estate in Istanbul, he/she can now apply to the Berlin Land Registry and Cadastre Representation Office and can conduct the procedures without having to visit Turkey.

Although service is only available at the Consulate General in Berlin at present, soon it will be possible to conduct land registry and cadaster procedures in 12 different representation offices in 10 countries.

The land registry and cadastre representation offices abroad are available for procedures aimed at acquisition of real estates as well as official information and consulting services about the real estate legislation in our country and the processes for acquisition of real estates.

It is possible to conduct the procedures outside the jurisdiction given as attached at the representation offices abroad.

Cadastre procedures are conducted by the cadastre directorates in our country, and if there is any Licensed Mapping and Cadastre Office (LİHKAB) at the relevant location, they can be conducted through such offices as well.

According to the Law No 5368, licensed mapping and cadastre engineering offices (LİHKAB) are responsible for conducting and checking the unregistered procedures among the cadastre technical services and for conducting the registered procedures.

While the functions assigned by the applicable law were fulfilled by the cadastre directorates before the Licensed Mapping and Cadastre Offices (LİHKAB) were established, now, after the Licensed Mapping and Cadastre Offices (LİHKAB) are introduced, these functions are fulfilled by such offices where they are established and by the cadastre directorates where they are not established.

Example: A person, who wants a boundary-setting (aplikasyon) procedure to be performed, applies to a LİHKAB if there is any such office in the city/district, where the real estate is located; however, if there is no LİHKAB, he/she concludes the procedures by applying to cadastre directorate.

You can access the locations and contact information of Licensed Mapping and Cadastre Offices (LİHKAB) at the address https://www.tkgm.gov.tr/tr/lihkab.

Necessary DocumentsComment
Identity document or passport in case of application in personID document or passport of the foreigner issued in their own country (along with translation when required)
Document regarding representation if the procedure involves representationPower of attorney, court order regarding guardian, letter of authorization etc. (If the transaction will take place based on a power of attorney issued abroad, original or certified copy of the power of attorney is to be submitted as accompanied by the translation)
Letter of authorization and signature circular clearly stating authorization for the job if the party requesting is a legal person
Land registry entry for the real estate concernedRequired if it exists.
FeeSample Plan fee collected under the Fees Law No 492. (TRY 63,80 for year 2019)
Circulating CapitalVaries depending on the locality, where the real estate is located.
Necessary DocumentsComment
Identity document or passport in case of application in personID document or passport of the foreigner issued in their own country (along with translation when required)
Document regarding representation if the procedure involves representationPower of attorney, court order regarding guardian, letter of authorization etc. (If the transaction will take place based on a power of attorney issued abroad, original or certified copy of the power of attorney is to be submitted as accompanied by the translation)
Letter of authorization and signature circular clearly stating authorization for the job if the party requesting is a legal person
Land registry entry for the real estate concernedRequired if it exists.
Circulating CapitalTRY 86 for year 2019
Service chargesCharged in case of performance by LIHKAB (TRY 175 for year 2019)
Necessary DocumentsComment
Identity document or passport in case of application in personID document or passport of the foreigner issued in their own country (along with translation when required)
Document regarding representation if the procedure involves representationPower of attorney, court order regarding guardian, letter of authorization etc. (If the transaction will take place based on a power of attorney issued abroad, original or certified copy of the power of attorney is to be submitted as accompanied by the translation)
Letter of authorization and signature circular clearly stating authorization for the job if the party requesting is a legal person
Land registry entry for the real estate concernedRequired if it exists.
Circulating CapitalVaries depending on the city/district and area of the parcel
Service chargesCharged in case of performance by LİHKAB (2019 yılı için 175 tl)
Necessary DocumentsComment
Identity document or passport in case of application in personID document or passport of the foreigner issued in their own country (along with translation when required)
Document regarding representation if the procedure involves representationPower of attorney, court order regarding guardian, letter of authorization etc. (If the transaction will take place based on a power of attorney issued abroad, original or certified copy of the power of attorney is to be submitted as accompanied by the translation)
Letter of authorization and signature circular clearly stating authorization for the job if the party requesting is a legal person
Type Contract for a request from a LIHKAB
Authorization to use a buildingFor land use conversion intended for building purposes, a layout plan is sought if the construction permit is issued on or after 27/8/2008 A benchmark sketch is sought for conversion from construction servitude to condominium starting from 07/07/2009.
Circulating capitalVaries depending on the city/district and area of the parcel.
Service chargesVaries depending on the city/district and area of the parcel in case of performance by LIHKAB.
Necessary DocumentsComment
Identity document or passport in case of application in personID document or passport of the foreigner issued in their own country (along with translation when required)
Document regarding representation if the procedure involves representationPower of attorney, court order regarding guardian, letter of authorization etc. (If the transaction will take place based on a power of attorney issued abroad, original or certified copy of the power of attorney is to be submitted as accompanied by the translation)
Letter of authorization and signature circularclearly stating authorization for the job if the party requesting is a legal person
Type Contract for a request from a LIHKAB
Decision from municipal committeeApproved by the municipality and governorship.
Planned change Approved by the municipality and governorship.Approved by the municipality and governorship.
Letter from the administration concerned
Circulating CapitalVaries depending on the number of parcels
Service chargesVaries depending on the number of parcels in case of performance by LIHKAB.
Necessary DocumentsComment
Identity document or passport in case of application in personID document or passport of the foreigner issued in their own country (along with translation when required)
Document regarding representation if the procedure involves representationPower of attorney, court order regarding guardian, letter of authorization etc. (If the transaction will take place based on a power of attorney issued abroad, original or certified copy of the power of attorney is to be submitted as accompanied by the translation)
Letter of authorization and signature circular clearly stating authorization for the job if the party requesting is a legal person
Division procedure fileFile containing the information and documents approved by the municipality and the governorship.
Type contract issued at independent mapping engineering offices
Circulating CapitalVaries depending on the city/district and area of the parcel.

YourKeyTurkey, is a website that is in service in order to enable the foreigners, who decide to settle or invest in Turkey, and the foreigners, who would like to acquire Turkish citizenship through investing in real estate in Turkey, access all the information they need for their decisionmaking processes and acquisition processes in the most reliable, fastest and easiest manner..

(www.yourkeyturkey.gov.tr)

Please find attached the list of procedures that can be conducted outside the jurisdiction.

YourKeyTurkey is a website with state guarantee that reliably guides the foreigners through all the processes for acquisition of a real estate in Turkey, preventing inaccurate information or misinformation.

Allowing access to parcel inquiry system and location details of the real estate in addition to real estate acquisition processes, the website has a dynamic structure, containing information on the region to be invested in, statistical data and developments in the real estate market to aid decision-making processes, and it also allows communication of inquiries and problems, when necessary.

Web-Tapu (Web Land Registry) system is a system allowing the real estates to be monitored and managed online. With Web-Tapu, it is possible to apply for a procedure online and with no need to actually visit the land registry directorates and to send the necessary documents to the land registry directorate. It is also possible to monitor at what stage the procedure is before the land registry directorate, and to pay the fees and circulating capital charges.

In addition, it is possible to display the land registry entries and locations of the real estates and to authorize others examine information on the real estates, and to submit or cancel a statement forbidding any transactions related to the real estates without actually visiting the land registry directorates with Web-Tapu.

In all these transactions, the concerned party will be duly informed by SMS. Thus, the procedures proceed up to the final stage in an easy, fast and reliable manner online.

https://webtapu.tkgm.gov.tr/

This is an application allowing people owning real estates to access basic ownership details, such as location, area as shown in the land registry, quality and map section details, about the parcels owned by the people or the parcels that they intend to invest in through a cell phone or a tablet and without the need to actually visit the land registry directorate, regardless of whether the person is inside the country or abroad.

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